Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a specialized approach that involves a combination of cognitive restructuring which helps to correct thinking errors and behavioral techniques for learning better ways to approach the problem.
Psychoanalytic therapy is an approach that allows for the exploration and identification of the origin of psychological problems often rooted in the past so that new and better ways of functioning can be developed and old, unhealthy patterns can be modified.
Solution focussed therapy aims to help you identify the problem and specific solutions.
Hypnotherapy refers to the integration of hypnosis and individual psychotherapy to enhance treatment outcomes. Hypnosis is a state of inner absorption and focused attention. When our minds are concentrated and focussed we are able to use our minds more powerfully. It is like using a magnifying glass to focus the rays of the sun and make them more powerful. Clinical hypnosis may be used in therapy in three main ways. One way is to help guide you to use your potential and imagination while in a relaxed state of mind. Mental imagery is very powerful, especially in a focused state of attention. The mind is capable of imagery, even if it is only symbolic and with guidance can be used to assist you in achieving the goals you are imaging. For example, a patient with irritable bowel syndrome, chronic pain, insomnia, or anxiety may be asked to imagine what his/her distress looks like and with hypnosis to imagine the pain or discomfort changing into a more manageable or healthy state.
A second basic hypnotic method is to present ideas or suggestions while in a state of concentrated attention. For example, hypnosis can help patients reduce their worry about the outcomes of upcoming surgery and even help to shorten recovery time.
Finally, hypnosis may be used for unconscious exploration, to better understand underlying motivations or identify whether past events or experiences are associated with or causing a problem. Hypnosis avoids the critical censor of the conscious mind, which often defeats what we know to be in our best interests. The effectiveness of hypnosis appears to lie in the way in which it bypasses the critical observation and interference of the conscious mind, allowing the individual’s intentions for change to take effect. In hypnosis, the patient is not under the control of the hypnotherapist. Hypnosis is not something imposed upon an individual seeking treatment, it becomes an added means to accomplish treatment goals.